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#[ink(selector = S:u32)]

Applicable to ink! messages and ink! constructors.

By default ink! creates a selector for each message and constructor. This is necessary since the contract is compiled to a Wasm blob and functions are invoked by invoking the selector, which identifies a method ‒ method names are no longer available in these underlying layers.

Using this attribute it is possible to speficy a concrete dispatch selector for the flagged entity. This allows a contract author to precisely control the selectors of their APIs making it possible to rename their API without breakage.

A selector must be a u32 decodable integer. For example

  • selector = 0xCAFEBABE
  • selector = 42

Examples

#[ink(message, selector = 0xC0DECAFE)]
fn my_message_1(&self) {}

#[ink(message, selector = 42)]
fn my_message_2(&self) {}

… then the selector of my_message_1 is [0xC0, 0xDE, 0xCA, 0xFE] and the selector of my_message_2 is [0, 0, 0, 42] since setting the selector manually overrides the automatically generated selector.

Controlling the messages selector

Every ink! message and ink! constructor has a selector with which the message or constructor can be uniquely identified within the ink! smart contract. Non-unique message or constructor selector lead to a compile time error. These selectors are mainly used to drive the contract's dispatch upon calling it.

An ink! smart contract author can control the selector of an ink! message or ink! constructor using the selector flag. An example is shown below:

use ink_lang as ink;

#[ink::contract]
mod flipper {
#[ink(storage)]
pub struct Flipper {
value: bool,
}

impl Flipper {
#[ink(constructor)]
#[ink(selector = 0xDEADBEEF)] // Works on constructors as well.
pub fn new(initial_value: bool) -> Self {
Flipper { value: initial_value }
}

#[ink(message)]
#[ink(selector = 0xCAFEBABE)] // You can either specify selector out-of-line.
pub fn flip(&mut self) {
self.value = !self.value;
}

#[ink(message, selector = 0xC0DECAFE)] // ...or specify the selector inline.
pub fn get(&self) -> bool {
self.value
}
}
}